Ref NoBUS/8
Alt Ref NoIMS/80; 144; 143 MUS/45
TitleLiverpool and Manchester Railway Company
DescriptionL&MR was opened on 15 Sep 1830 between Liverpool and Manchester. It was the first railway to rely exclusively on steam power, with no horse-drawn traffic permitted at any time; the first to be entirely double track throughout its length; the first to have a signalling system; the first to be fully timetabled; the first to be powered entirely by its own motive power; and the first to carry mail. Trains were hauled by company steam locomotives between the two towns, though private wagons and carriages were allowed. Cable hauling of freight trains was down the steeply-graded 1.26-mile Wapping Tunnel to Liverpool Docks from Edge Hill junction. The railway was primarily built to provide faster transport of raw materials, finished goods and passengers between the Port of Liverpool and mills in Manchester and surrounding towns.

The initial 1823 survey for the line was carried out by William James but was defective. In 1824 George Stephenson was appointed engineer in their place, his son Robert was absent and further mistakes were made. Stephenson was replaced by George and John Rennie as engineers, who chose Charles Blacker Vignoles as their surveyor. The crossing of Chat Moss, saw the Rennies and the Vignoles resign and bought the return of Stephenson as engineer with Joseph Locke as his assistant (later removed).

In 1845, the railway was absorbed by its principal business partner, the Grand Junction Railway (GJR); the following year the GJR formed part of the London and North Western Railway.

The collection includes reports by Stephenson on Locke and Vignoles (and others) and a costing for the crossing of Chat Moss. Also, descriptions of the Railway's opening and the death of MP William Huskisson (commonly described as the first railway accident) and coloured lithographs of the line:

BUS/8/1: Shares
BUS/8/2: Reports
BUS/8/3: Chat Moss
BUS/8/4: Standard yard (object)
BUS/8/5: Letter to George Stephenson
BUS/8/6: Illustrations
BUS/8/7: Railway opening
BUS/8/8: Description of the Railway
Extent31 items
Physical DescriptionVelum
Access StatusOpen
Related Material/Digital AccessSTE

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CodePerson/Organisation NameDates
NA133Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company; 1824-18451824-1845
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